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Caohai Lake in Weining

Author:zxm    From:   Time:2017-06-14   Browse:   Size:  Big  Middle  Small

 

Caohai Lake, the national level natural conservation area, is located in the county of Weining, in which Yi, Miao, and Hui minorities live and work. The total area of the Lake is 12 thousand hectares, authorized to set up by Guizhou People’s Government in 1985, and promoted to national level in 1992, which means to protect black-necked cranes and the ecological system of the plateau wetland. Caohai Lake is the largest freshwater lake in Guizhou, of which the altitude is 2171.7 meters above the sea level, covering the area of 30 square kilometers. It got its name for the luxuriant water plants in the Lake, which means the sea of grass. There are more than 37 kinds of aquatic plants in the Lake, among which the water cauliflower is the key protective plant in China. With over 10 genera of fishes and 178 genera or subspecies of birds, 27 of which are national lever protective animals, 48 of which belong to the agreement to protect between China and Japan. It is also one of the winter area for the first-class protective animal black-neck cranes. With green mountains around and dense jungles, aquatic animals and plants such as fishes, prawns, and the stem of cattails are rich in the Lake, in which inhabit more than 100 kinds of rare water birds. 70 of which are rare and valuable. The special plateau black-necked birds spend winter here every year. Other valuable and rare birds such as grey cranes, red-crowned cranes, yellow spotted pheasants, black-winged long-leg sandpipers, grass herons, and a large number of wild geese and ducks, live or stay here. That’s why Caohai Lake is called the kingdom of birds. It is also one of the10 activity space for the harmonious coexistence of human being and birds and the best place to appreciate birds in winter and spring. In winter, it is warm and pleasant. At the end of spring, a large area of azaleas bloom around Caohai Lake, which are in different poses and charming magnificence. It is the most beautiful in Autumn, in which a series of yellow, red, and white flowers of water plants bloom and float with waves. Sailing among them by boat is just like getting into the fairy land. Winter is the best season to appreciate those more than 300 kinds of birds, of which the most beautiful are black-necked cranes. There is an isolated island called “Yangguan Hill” in the west of the Lake, with bamboo fences and hay-thatched mud cottages on it, you can hear the barking and gege of dogs and roosters. With a number of white sails and the glistening light of waves, the Lake presents a scene of tranquility like a fictitious land of peace. In the southeast stand the six-cave bridge and the attic to watch the sea. Along the bridge are the long beach of fogged willow trees. In the east of the beach, there is a temple. It is said that Lv Dongbing, one of the eight immortals, had come here for a visit. Birds, fishes, and prawns are rich and colorful here, among which the most famous are black-necked cranes and wild ducks.


According to the records of local chronicles, there were east, west, south, and north four seas and later became land. To the period of spring and summer in the seventh year(1857) of Qing Xianfeng, heavy rains and flash flood rushed the land, which blocked the waterway underground that the water on the west plain could not be expelled, thus made the 2000 meters basin above the sea level become the plateau lake. Birds, fishes, and water plants are everywhere. And there still exist the artificial feeding nutria, Lynx, mink, and silver fox and so on.


In winter, it is warm and pleasant. At the end of spring, a large area of azaleas bloom around Caohai Lake, which are in different poses and charming magnificence. It is the most beautiful in Autumn, in which a series of yellow, red, and white flowers of water plants bloom and float with waves. Sailing among them by boat is just like getting into the fairy land. Winter is the best season to appreciate black-necked cranes. Every time when it is sunny with breeze, standing at the bank and watch the far-away place, you can see that the sky and water can not be separated, the fog floating above the waves, flowers white, trees with cloud, hawks flying, fishes leaping, wild geese in a line of the Autumn, which make people feel relaxed and happy.
Rich resources, beautiful seasons, raining or shining, both are interesting. Walking up to the attic, seeing layers of peaks and knolls, feeling the criss-crossed paths, one seems to dream in a fairy land. Thousands of waves in the Lake, hundreds of sails floating, one small Penglai island isolated in the center, jungles green, attics exquisite, butterflies among flowers, Caohai Lake is called “the Park in Water”. With Han, Yi, Hui, and Miao people living around, every festival is lively and crowded for the horse racing, Lusheng blowing, singing and dancing.
Caohai Lake is not only a good place for tourism activities, but also an ideal site to the scientific investigation. Specialist both at home and abroad have explored the animals and plants living about the Lake, which is also paid most attention by WWF(World Wild Animals Fund) and ICF(International Crane Fund).

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