返回顶部
Bijie(China) Official Web Portal
中文版
Your position:Home >> News >> Culture

Ethnic Customs

Author:zxm    From:   Time:2017-06-14   Browse:   Size:  Big  Middle  Small

Folk Customs of Yi Nationality

 

Yi is one of the oldest nationalities in Wumeng plateau, where the group began to live and multiply early in 300-200 BC and established their own feudal lord regimes—regimes of Zumo (tribal leader). Yi has a long history in its national culture that the people are skilled in singing and dancing and they have been using their own old characters for a long time. In the era of “nearly ten of tribal leaders of Southwest Yi”, the feudal lords depended on each other for existence and intermarried but kept away from each other, which presented a unity but different areas had different characteristics reflected in the culture, customs, and rituals.

“Dancing with Bells”, also called “Ken He Bei” in Yi language, is a dance with singing changed from offering sacrifice to the soldiers who had died in the battle when escorting them. The dancers hold horse bells in right hands and coloured ribbons in left hand.The dancing presents a magnificent picture of Great Migrations of the ancient Yi people when fighting with the nature. In the picture,Yi people cut paths through mountains and build bridges across rivers,fight the wolves and then live and thrive with men tilling the farm and women weaving.The dancers’ vigorous movements and postures with harmonious and strong rhythms let the audience feel the people’s beating pulse and their bitter crying in overcoming all obstacles.

The ancient Yi drama “Cuo Chen Jie”,which belongs to the Nuo operas system,is a treasure in the heritages of our national culture. It is a kind of folk activities performed during the Spring Festival in the name of primitive nature worship“sweeping Mars” ( “Mi Duo Qiu” in Yi Language) with the form of literature and art (prototype of the original drama) adopted. The Gods the people offer sacrifices to are limited to Gods of mountain, Vulcan, Ceres, the Quartet gods and their ancestral spirits, which is Yi People’s totemism based on their animistic beliefs.The performance of “Cuo Chen Jie” is divided into four parts, namely offering sacrifices, playing by variable persons, celebrating and sweeping Mars. There is no limit to the number of players and the characters from different villages are different. Generally it requires 17 players, six perform the characters, three beat gongs and drums, two dance with lions, two act the farm cattles and four carry lanterns on shoulders. Performers wrap around the legs with white straps, put white straps on the shoulders down to cross on the waists,which symbolizes the ancients’ states of nature without clothes to wear. The players wrap the heads with white cloths in one or two circles and  plug into the back two small sticks about 7 inches long as a triangle lining, then continue to wrap the cloths into pointed cone hairdos, which produces artistic effects.

Edit:  Recommend Print
Related article

Copyright ?2015 Bijie Municipal Information Office All Rights Reserved.