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An Overview of Bijie

Author:zxm    From:   Time:2017-06-14   Browse:   Size:  Big  Middle  Small

An Overview of Bijie

  Bijie, the central region of Wumeng mountains, the key and lock of Sichuan, Yunnan, and Guizhou, the ridge of Guizhou plateau, and the screen of Yangtze River and Pearl River, located in the northwest of Guizhou, at the joint of the three povinces of Chuan, Dian, and Qian. To the east are Guiyang and Zunyi, south Anshun and Liupanshui, west Zhaotong and Qujing in Yunnan, north Luzhou in Sichuan. It is the source of Wujiang River, Beipanjiang River, and Chishui River, administrating Qixingguan District, Dafang County, Qianxi County, Jinsha County, Zhijin County, Nayong County, Weining County, Hezhang County, and Baili Azalea Area, all together 7 counties, 2 districts and 250 towns, with a total area of 26,853 square kilometers. At the end of 2014, the total population in Bijie is 8.8079 million. The average altitude is 1,600 meters. The highest is located on the Small Leek Ground, at the joint of Hezhang and Weining, with the altitude of 2900.6 meters, which is called the ridge of Guizhou. The climate in most areas of Bijie belong to subtropical and moist one. The average sunny time is 1,231 hours, temperature 13.09℃, rainfall capacity 1129.04 mm, frost-free period 266 days, forest coverage 38.75%, no severe cold in winter and intense heat in summer. With distinctive seasons and pleasant weather, it is fit for many crops and animal to live and grow.

Bijie, with long history, brilliant cuture, and simple primitive customs, is the region of Liangzhou in Xia Dynasty, Yelang and Luoshi Kindoms from Yin Dynasty to Yuan Dynasty, the Xuanwei Governing Department of Guizhou Chief Secretary in Ming Dynasty, and after liberation, Bijie commissioner government office, which was renamed Bijie prefectual administrative office. At the end of 2011, it was promoted to Bijie prefectual city. With the ancient human site and guilding goups such as SheXiang Museum, Kele Historic Site(the capital of ancient Yelang), manor of Yi Datun chief, and Qianxi Guanyin Cave Site(dated to the Old Stone Age) , Bijie shows visitors the historical trace of the ancient people, the mystery of the ancient Yelang Kingdom, the brilliant culture of Shuixi, heroine and heroes such as SheXiang who was brave to open the nine post stations, DingBaozhen and LiShijie, who were the patriotic senior important officials in Qing Dynasty, and colorful minority costumes, original ecological folk music, and coquettish minority dances, all of which manifest the dignified history and culture of Bijie and the endless charm of folk minority culture.

Bijie is one of the old revolutionary base areas and red lands, in which the first underground branch of the Party in Guizhou was founded in January, 1934. In February, 1935, the political burear of the central committee of the communist party of China convened the standing committee meeting of labor division. In February, 1936, the second and sixth Red Army legions established the revolutionary base of northwest in Guizhou, set up the PRSC revolutionary committee in Chuan, Dian, and Qian, that is, Sichuan, Yunnan, and Guizhou, and built the only provincial level anti-Japanese army---Guizhou Anti-Japanese Home Army. Many VIPs of the Party and Red Army soldiers shed their blood and sleep here forever. More than 5,000 hot-blooded youngsters participated the Red Army.

Bijie, the enrichment place of minerals and waters, with varieties biological resources. The workable reserves of high-quality blind coal is up to 25.6 billion tons, 48% of the explored reserves of coal in Guizhou and the reserves of iron pyrite, iron, and phosphorus rank first in Guizhou province. Rivers in Bijie belong to the two hydro-graphic systems of the Zhujiang River and the Changjiang River, of which 193 hold the drainage area of more than 10 square kilometers and 80 more than 100 square kilometers, the total flow of which is 12.82 billion cubic meters and the theoretical standing stock of the water resource is 2.212 million kw, of which the exploitation amount is 1.61 million kw. The production of flue-cured tobacco in Bijie occupies over 40% in Guizhou, which is one of the four tobacco producing regions in China. Bijie is also rich in agricultural products such as walnuts, tea-leaves, raw lacquer, oilseed rape, hot peppers, garlics, gastrodia elata, eucommia ulmoides, bamboo fungus, and gallnuts, thus enjoy the fame of the Town of Bamboo Fungus in China, the Town of Gastrodia Elata in China, the Town of Crinkle Peppers China, The Town of Walnuts in China, the Town of Potatoes in the South of China, the Lacquer City in China, and the Natural Herbal Garden.

Bijie, with green mountains and charming scenes, is reputed as the kingdom of caves, the world of flowers, the paradise of birds, the Eden of human being, where there are many famous unique scenic spots such as the national 5A Baili Azalea, the colorful belt of the earth and the garden of the world, Zhin Cave, the head of the most beautiful six caves in China, Caohai Lake, the Chinese natural protection area and the plateau pearl, Nine Caves, the karst encyclopedia and the integrated scenic spot with wonderful mountains, green waters, and odd rocks, Zhigaalu Lake, the slack water gorge and ancient Yi holy water, and Hezhang Axilixi Mountain, the ridge of Guizhou and one of the top 10 famous mountains to spend summer holidays.

Bijie is never subdued to poverty, sparing no effort to content for the first place with long-term plans and visions of the future. In June, 1988, the secretary of Guizhou Party Committee HuJintao proposed in person to set up Bijie Test Site of developing the area, supporting the poor, and constructing ecological environment, which is the early exploration and practice of the Scientific Outlook on Development and the successful sample of the reform, development, and practice of the multi-party cooperation led by the Chinese Communist Party in poverty-stricken area. Since the setting-up of the Test Site, the United Front Work Department of CPC Central Committee, the centers of democratic parties, and Federation of Industry and Commerce of China, all gathered in it to compose the new chapters of socialist modern construction and democratic politics construction carried forward by the multi-party cooperation under the leadership of the Party. Through 20-year development, the population of poverty in Bijie decrease massively with the obvious improvement of the ecological environment and the overall advancement of social undertakings. At present, the Test Site is at the new beginning of another new reform, taking accelerating the development, quickening the step, and promoting the transformation as the theme, bringing energetically the strategies of industry-enforced area and urbanization driving, deepening and expanding continuously the three themes, carrying out thoroughly the Scientific Outlook on Development, promoting the Site to change from the large one of sources to the strong one of economy, from heavy stony desertification to charming ecological environment, from the one of large population to the one of human resources, and from the half-open area to the fully open one, trying the best to promote the Site to be the vanguard of developing and supporting the poor, the bellwether of ecological construction, the demonstration area of population controlling and quality promotion, the land mark platform of multi-party cooperation, trying to realize the great-leap-forward development of social economy, and building Bijie into the Test Site of quick development of economy, constant improvement of ecological environment, harmony and stability of the society, and people living and working in peace and contentment.

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